Tag Archives: DID

Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)

  1. Symptoms: 2 or more personalities exist between a single individual; persistent and maladaptive disruptions of memory, consciousness, or identity; may produce amnesia, confused travel of long distances
  2. Diagnosis: 2 or more personalities repeatedly take control of a person’s behavior, with alternations in mood, behavior, and at least some loss of recall between the personalities
  3. Course and Outcome: effectiveness of treatment is not known nor is the outcome due to lack of research
  4. Frequency of Disorder: amount of cases of DID shot from 200 to 40,000 after the release of Sybil; 3% of the general population suffers from DID; while the DSM-5 gives a prevalence rate of 1.5% with the disclaimer that the number is based on a “small study”; DID is rarely diagnosed outside of the USA and Canada
  5. Etiology: response to trauma, though this is skeptical; fragmented sleep-wake cycle, sleep deprivation; iatrogenesis (the manufacture of a disorder by its treatment)
  6. Treatment(s): focus on uncovering and recounting traumatic experiences; goal of integrate the different personalities into a whole; sometimes use antianxiety, antidepressants, and antipsychotic medications